Damiani, M., Pompei, F. & Kleinknecht, A. (2022): Robots, skills and temporary jobs: evidence from six European countries, in Industry and Innovation, 28 December 2002, DOI: 10.1080/13662716.2022.2156851

De krappe arbeidsmarkt als historische kans voor Nederland, in Socialisme & Democratie, 12-08-2022.

“Why is productivity growth so low (in the age of AI and robots)?”, Keynote address to the conference on Technology, Employment and Industrial Dynamics, Pisa, 7-8 August 2022

Hoxha, S. & Kleinknecht, A. (2020): ‘When labour market rigidities are useful for innovation’, Research Policy, Vol. 49(7) (

Kleinknecht, A. (2020): ‘The (negative) impact of supply-side labour market reforms on productivity. An overview of the evidence’, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 44(2): 445-46.

Kleinknecht, A., Kwee, Z. & Budyanto, L. (2016): Rigidities through flexibi­lity: Flexible labour and the rise of management bureaucracies, Cambridge Journal of Economics, Vol. 40(4): 1137-1147.




Alfred Kleinknecht is Professor of Economics Emeritus of TU Delft and VU Amsterdam. He worked at the Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin, at various universities in the Netherlands, and at the Hans-Boeckler-Foundation at Duesseldorf.